Batik has always been closely associated with Javanese culture. Yogyakarta is regarded as a capital of classical batik. The elegant and richly toned culture in the batik has a close association with the daily lives of the Javanese, both within the palace and outside.
Yogyakarta has been a center of cultural activity since the seventh century when an Indianized period of history ushered in the building of a great civilization with monumental architecture.
Batik from Yogyakarta is characterized by bold, forceful designs using indigo and soga on a stark white background. Many theoris have been developed on the origins of batik in Java.
The art of batik reached its supremacy level of distinction in the hands of the aristocracy with highly refined aesthetic sense, along with the time, to draw laborious patterns of ultimate beauty and philosophical value. Certain batik patterns were reserved exclusively for royal attire.
In the court of Yogyakarta we associate batik with our traditions, festivals and ceremonies. Specific batik patterns deliver a profound non-verbal communication, a custom that continues to be followed even today. Although many changes have occurred because of globalization and new life style nowadays, batik remains an important statement of the high-level of cultural expression found in the courts of Central Java.
Batik is more than a beautiful cloth to look at, but it speaks the commitment to a personal refinement and discipline in our traditional Javanese culture.** (source from Book of Sekaring Jagad Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat)