Batik patterns have developed from the point of aesthetic orientation. The patterns of geometric were introduced over the centuries since the 8th century which was found in Prambanan Temple. The pattern of Kawung can be classified as Ceplok but because of its antique and simplicity, Kawung was recognized as the separate category in batik patterns. The history of kawung refers to the historical temples in Central Java.
Basically, the pattern of kawung consists few of circles or eclipses that in contacted or crossed each other. The word of kawung itself has delivered some misleading contexts. Some people understand as the fruit of palm tree.
Rouffaer, an European scientist who was studied about batik patterns, considered the pattern of kawung came from other antique pattern which was called geringsing (gringsing), also called Pararaton, The history of Kings of East Java in the 14th Century. Geringsing consists of small circles with dots in the middle that stacked like fish scales or snake skin. Rouffaer thought geringsing has developed became circles in the pattern of kawung.